Types of Butterfly Species
There are over 20,000 recognized butterfly species. This is a quick reference of species from each of the 6 major families.
THIS LIST CONTAINS
39
Butterflies
organized by:
Wingspan
Origin
Food Source
Scientific Name
Also Known As
Habitat
Pattern
Family
Riodinidae (Metalmark)
1
Ares Metalmark Butterfly
Ares Metalmark Butterfly
Scientific Name: Emesis ares
Origin: Southern Arizona, North Mexico
Food Source:
Habitat: Washes, Streams, oak woodland
Wingspan: 3 - 3.5cm
Family: Riodinidae (Metalmark)
2
langes-metalmark.jpg
Lange’s Metalmark Butterfly
Wingspan: 1 - 1.5cm
Scientific Name: Apodemia mormo langei
Food Source: Buckwheat, butterweed, snakeweed
Family: Riodinidae (Metalmark)
3
Palmer’s Metalmark Butterfly
Palmer’s Metalmark Butterfly
Scientific Name: Apodemia palmeri
Food Source: Flower nectar; thimblehead
Pattern: Coppery orange forewings
Family: Riodinidae (Metalmark)
4
Sonoran Metalmark
Sonoran Metalmark
Scientific Name: Apodemia mejicanus
Wingspan: 2.2 - 3.3cm
Habitat: Dryish, rocky hills, alluvial flats
Family: Riodinidae (Metalmark)
5
Fatal Metalmark
Fatal Metalmark
Scientific Name: Calephelis nemesis
Wingspan: 2 - 2.5cm
Habitat: South California, Texas, South Mexico
Family: Riodinidae (Metalmark)
Gossamer-winged
8
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Wingspan: 2.5000cm
Food Source: nectar of horsemint, butterflyweed, and bachelors button
Origin: Oak savannas, Pine barrens
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
8
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Wingspan: 2.5000cm
Food Source: nectar of horsemint, butterflyweed, and bachelors button
Origin: Oak savannas, Pine barrens
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
8
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)
Wingspan: 2.5000cm
Food Source: nectar of horsemint, butterflyweed, and bachelors button
Origin: Oak savannas, Pine barrens
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
9
Summer Azure Butterfly
Summer Azure Butterfly
Scientific Name: Celastrina neglecta
Wingspan: 2 - 3cm
Origin: Eastern North America
Food Source: Clover Nectar
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
10
Gray Hairstreak Butterfly
Gray Hairstreak Butterfly
Wingspan: 2.2 - 3.5cm
Habitat:
Origin: US, Canada, Mexico
Scientific Name: Strymon melinus
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
11
Gray Hairstreak Butterfly
Gray Hairstreak Butterfly
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
Wingspan: 2.2 - 3.5cm
Habitat: Open sites with few trees and many weeds
Food Source: Nectar
Scientific Name: Strymon melinus
Pattern:
12
Blue Copper Butterfly
Blue Copper Butterfly
Scientific Name: Lycaena heteronea
Wingspan: 3 - 3.5cm
Habitat:
Origin: Canada to Southern California, Arizona, New Mexico
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
13
Northern Blue
Northern Blue
Scientific Name: Plebejus idas
Family: Lycaenidae (Gossamer-winged)
Wingspan: 2.2 - 3.8cm
Habitat: Evergreen Forest clearings, bogs, meadows
Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
40
Goliath Birdwing Butterfly
Goliath Birdwing Butterfly
Wingspan: 28.0000cm
Origin: Indonesia
Scientific Name: Ornithoptera goliath
Family: Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
15
Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
Scientific Name: Papilio glaucas
Wingspan: 9 - 16cm
Origin: US, Canada
Family: Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
16
Ulysses Butterfly
Ulysses Butterfly
Scientific Name: Papilio ulysses
Wingspan: 14.0000cm
Also Known As: Ulysses butterfly, the Blue Mountain Swallowtail, the Blue Emperor, Mountain Blue
Origin: Australia
Family: Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
17
Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly
Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly
Scientific Name: Eurytides marcellus
Origin: Eastern US, Canada, Florida
Wingspan: 5 - 7cm
Family: Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
18
Queen Alexandra Butterfly
Queen Alexandra Butterfly
Wingspan: 30.0000cm
Origin: British Columbia, California, Arizona, New Mexico
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
Scientific Name: Colias alexandra
44
Southern Dogface
Southern Dogface
Scientific Name: Zerene cesonia
Also Known As: Dogs Head Butterfly
Wingspan: 58 - 65cm
Origin: Southern US
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
20
Gray Marble Butterfly
Gray Marble Butterfly
Scientific Name: Anthocharis lanceolata
Wingspan: 1.5 - 2cm
Habitat: Canyons, Forest Clearings
Origin: South Oregon, California, Nevada
Food Source: Nectar, Rock cress
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
21
Great Southern White Butterfly
Great Southern White Butterfly
Scientific Name: Ascia monuste
Food Source: Nectar; saltwort, lantana, verbena
Wingspan: 2 - 3.5cm
Habitat: Fields, Gardens, Salt Marshes
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
22
Cabbage White Butterfly
Cabbage White Butterfly
Scientific Name: Pieris rapae
Wingspan: 1.75 - 2.25cm
Food Source: Nectar; Mustards, Dendelions, Red Clover, Mint
Habitat: Open Spaces
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
23
Large Marble Butterfly
Large Marble Butterfly
Wingspan: 4 - 5cm
Habitat: Valleys, hills and meadows
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
Scientific Name: Euchloe Ausonides
Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
24
American Snout Butterfly
American Snout Butterfly
Wingspan: 3.5 - 5cm
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
25
Blue Morpho Butterfly
Blue Morpho Butterfly
Origin: Rainforests in Brazil, Venezuela
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
26
Julia Butterfly
Julia Butterfly
Wingspan: 7 - 10cm
Origin: Central America, Southern America
Food Source: Passion flower vines, Lantanas, shepherds needle, tears of Caiman
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
27
Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Scientific Name: Aglais milberti
Wingspan: 1.6 - 2.5cm
Food Source: Flowers, fruit
Origin: North America, Mexico
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
28
Monarch Butterfly
Monarch Butterfly
Wingspan: 8 - 12cm
Origin:
Food Source: Milkweed
Scientific Name: Danaus plexippus
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
29
Mourning Cloak Butterfly
Mourning Cloak Butterfly
Food Source: Leaves of poplar, elm, salix, and betula
Origin: Europe, North America, Asia
Scientific Name: Nymphalis antiopa
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
30
Painted Lady Butterfly
Painted Lady Butterfly
Scientific Name: Vanessa cardui
Wingspan: 5 - 7cm
Food Source: Thistle nectar
Also Known As: Thistle butterfly, Cosmopolitan
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
31
Peacock Butterfly
Peacock Butterfly
Scientific Name: Inachis io
Origin: Temperate Europe, Asia
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
32
Postman Butterfly
Postman Butterfly
Scientific Name: Heliconius melpomene
Food Source: Passiflora
Wingspan: 6 - 8cm
Origin: Neotropical Central America, Brazil
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
33
Red Admiral Butterfly
Red Admiral Butterfly
Scientific Name: Vanessa atalanta
Origin: Marshy, Temperate Regions of Asia, Europe and North America
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
34
Saturn Butterfly
Saturn Butterfly
Wingspan: 10 - 11cm
Origin: Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Burma, Sumatra
Scientific Name: Zeuxidia amethystus
Also Known As: Giant Saturn Butterfly
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
35
Viceroy Butterfly
Viceroy Butterfly
Scientific Name: Limenitis archippus
Wingspan: 7 - 8cm
Food Source: Willow, Cottonwood
Origin: Canada, Mexio
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-Footed)
Hesperiidae (Skippers)
43
Clouded Skipper Butterfly
Clouded Skipper Butterfly
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
Scientific Name: Lerema accius
Wingspan: 3 - 4.5cm
Habitat: Edges of forests, swampy clearings
Origin: Florida, Texas
Food Source: Various flowers
42
Hammock Skipper Butterfly
Hammock Skipper Butterfly
Scientific Name: Polygonus leo
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
38
Arctic Skipper
Arctic Skipper
Scientific Name: Carterocephalus palaemon
Wingspan: 2.5 - 3cm
Habitat: Meadows, Glades, Woods, streamsides
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
39
Desert Checkered-Skipper
Desert Checkered-Skipper
Wingspan: 2.5 - 3cm
Habitat: Arizona, Texas, Mexico
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
Scientific Name: Pyrgus philetas
40
Goliath Birdwing Butterfly
Goliath Birdwing Butterfly
Wingspan: 28.0000cm
Origin: Indonesia
Scientific Name: Ornithoptera goliath
Family: Papilionidae (Swallowtail)
41
Garden Tiger Moth
Garden Tiger Moth
Wingspan: 4.5 - 7cm
Origin: Europe, Asia, Canada, US
Also Known As: Great Tiger Moth
Pattern:
Family:
42
Hammock Skipper Butterfly
Hammock Skipper Butterfly
Scientific Name: Polygonus leo
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
Hesperiinae (Skipper)
43
Clouded Skipper Butterfly
Clouded Skipper Butterfly
Family: Hesperiidae (Skippers)
Scientific Name: Lerema accius
Wingspan: 3 - 4.5cm
Habitat: Edges of forests, swampy clearings
Origin: Florida, Texas
Food Source: Various flowers
Peiridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
44
Southern Dogface
Southern Dogface
Scientific Name: Zerene cesonia
Also Known As: Dogs Head Butterfly
Wingspan: 58 - 65cm
Origin: Southern US
Family: Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)
ungrouped
45
Desert Skipper?
activity
Image Attributions
"Blue Morpho. Morpho peleides" by gailhampshire, https://www.flickr.com/photos/43272765@N04/5243789003 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Julia Dryas" by Rene Mensen, https://www.flickr.com/photos/44206268@N07/8357910475 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)" by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Midwest Region, https://www.flickr.com/photos/49208525@N08/5425117019 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Monarch Butterfly" by Emily Carlin, https://www.flickr.com/photos/17143287@N00/5054973436 (Attribution No Derivs License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/)
"painted lady" by jimpg2_2015, https://www.flickr.com/photos/9146740@N03/3367553462 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Postman - Heliconius melpomene, Brookside Gardens "Wings of Fancy" butterfly exhibit, Wheaton, Maryland" by judygva, https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/9201468504 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Queen Alexandra's sulphur Butterfly_0418" by Ranger Robb, https://www.flickr.com/photos/39422575@N02/13974824110 (Public Domain Mark)
"The Giant Saturn (Zeuxidia aurelius aurelius)" by Pasha Kirillov, https://www.flickr.com/photos/74834643@N07/16170331017 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Summer Azure - Celastrina neglecta, Meadowlark Gardens, Vienna, Virginia" by judygva, https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/6559696259 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Ulysses Butterfly" by Paul from www.Castaways.com.au, https://www.flickr.com/photos/54113234@N05/5030854521 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Protographium marcellus - Zebra Swallowtail (with "tails" broken off)" by FritzFlohrReynolds, https://www.flickr.com/photos/81112662@N03/9125570333 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Endangered Lange's metalmark butterfly (Apodemia mormo langei)" by USFWS Endangered Species, https://www.flickr.com/photos/53349312@N07/5038886543 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Clouded Skipper (?)" by GregGilbert1, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8063840@N02/2896644721 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Arctic Skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon) 2017-06-03 (6)" by Kiskadee 3, https://www.flickr.com/photos/85277889@N08/35244730962 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Great Southern White - Ascia monuste" by bob in swamp, https://www.flickr.com/photos/50152666@N02/26653142452 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Gray Hairstreak" by DrPhotoMoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/24135011@N08/17423473542 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"True Blue" by DrPhotoMoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/24135011@N08/4516141288 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Large Marble, Euchloe ausonides, Warner Lake UT, 27 June 2016, Robb Hannawacker" by Ranger Robb, https://www.flickr.com/photos/39422575@N02/28179780121 (Public Domain Mark)
"METALMARK, FATAL (Calephelis nemesis) (10-10-08) patagonia, az (4)" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9425164202 (Public Domain Dedication)
"CHECKERED-SKIPPER, DESERT (Pyrgus philetas) (8-24-10) pena blanca lake, scc, az -02" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/4926760024 (Public Domain Dedication)
"SNOUT, AMERICAN (Libytheana carinenta) (4-17-12) near laredo, tx" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9426662000 (Public Domain Dedication)
"Goliath Birdwing" by Thomas James Caldwell, https://www.flickr.com/photos/81643710@N00/26466840510 (Attribution No Derivs License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/)
"Garden Tiger" by Alastair Rae, https://www.flickr.com/photos/55663585@N00/35098564774 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Milbert's Tortoiseshell" by wplynn, https://www.flickr.com/photos/95721592@N00/4972043225 (Attribution No Derivs License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/)
"Mourning Cloak" by DrPhotoMoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/24135011@N08/3537274990 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"Peacock Butterfly" by ahisgett, https://www.flickr.com/photos/37804979@N00/7822792836 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Queen Alexandra's Sulphur, Colias alexandra, male, Horse Creek 7753', San Juan Co, UT 27 June 2016, Robb Hannawacker" by Ranger Robb, https://www.flickr.com/photos/39422575@N02/28099205920 (Public Domain Mark)
"Red Admiral" by Doolallyally, https://www.flickr.com/photos/48542598@N07/36034310382 (Attribution No Derivs License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/)
"DOGFACE, SOUTHERN (Zerene cesonia) (11-2-11) harshaw road area, scc, az" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9421108867 (Public Domain Dedication)
"Tiger Swallowtail" by DrPhotoMoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/24135011@N08/10163753865 (Attribution No Derivs License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/)
"A Viceroy Butterfly" by Benimoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/44545509@N00/3836891925 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"METALMARK, ARES (Emesis ares) (9-7-12) harshaw road, patagonia mts, scc, az -01" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/7952255006 (Public Domain Dedication)
"METALMARK, PALMER'S (Apodemia palmeri) (9-2-10) patagonia hills, scc, az -06" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/4952927710 (Public Domain Dedication)
"SKIPPER, HAMMOCK (Polygous leo) (9-26-10) montosa canyon, scc, az (2)" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9429537320 (Public Domain Dedication)
"Gray Marble, Anthocharis lanceolata" by johnvillella, https://www.flickr.com/photos/56076853@N00/17987523124 (Public Domain Mark)
"Cabbage White Butterfly" by Monkeystyle3000, https://www.flickr.com/photos/132295270@N07/33974916676 (Attribution License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)
"Gray Hairstreak" by DrPhotoMoto, https://www.flickr.com/photos/24135011@N08/5215025424 (Attribution Share Alike License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/)
"BLUE, NORTHERN ANNA'S (Plebejus idas anna) (8-24-11) 7500 ft, amador co, ca (1)" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9425099088 (Public Domain Dedication)
"METALMARK, SONORAN (Apodemia mejicanus) (10-20-12) california gulch, w of nogales, scc, az (3)" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/9422366715 (Public Domain Dedication)
"CHECKERED-SKIPPER, DESERT?? (Pyrgus philetas) (9-24-12) ca gulch, pajarito mts, scc, az -01" by ALAN SCHMIERER, https://www.flickr.com/photos/8101022@N05/8021808390 (Public Domain Dedication)